by Janis / 0 comments - Orginally published:30th November 2021

Exploring Aachen, Münster and Cologne’s festive markets

If you’ve been following our German Christmas markets tales and adventures over the years, then you’ll know how much we love visiting Cologne at Christmas.

Now that the green light has been given on Germany’s Christmas markets for 2021, we’re heading back. During this visit, we are not only topping up our Cologne Christmas experience, but we are also visiting the historic cities of Aachen and Münster.

We visited both Aachen and Münster in west Germany during Autumn in 2019. Gary and I were so taken at how pretty the old towns were that it would only be a matter of time that we head back during Yuletide.

Also, whenever we chatted to the locals in both Aachen and Münster, they kept saying that we had to return at Christmas; it was enchanting.

Why not Pin it for later?
So, challenge accepted, we’re off to soak up all things Christmassy, to enjoy the twinkling historical architecture and festive cabins. Of course, indulge in the local nibbles and tipples and relish once again just how Germany young and old embrace Christmas.

COVID Safety

You need to wear your FFP2 face masks in the Christmas markets unless you are eating and drinking. In bars and restaurants, you will need to present your COVID vaccination passport, and also you may be required to show your international passport or photo ID.

Where we’re visiting at Christmas in 2021

How to get to Aachen, Münster & Cologne

- By Air
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Discover Germany’s local history

Charlemagne and Tower Keepers

With the idea of combining three of the things we love, history, Germany, and Christmas, it goes without saying that exploring any city during Yuletide will be captivating.

Aachen has centuries of ancient history, and evidence of Roman settlements have been unearthed and preserved in the city. Aachen was once a very prosperous spa town, and the eye-catching colonnaded Elisenbrunnen is now the façade of what would have once been a prominent Roman thermal bath.

The Elisenbrunnen collonade which has two taps supplying the towns spa waters. At one end is the tourist information centre, at the other an ice-cream parlour.
The Elisenbrunnen in Aachen

Charlemagne (Charles the Great), the first Holy Roman Emperor, also fell in love with Aachen and had a palace built within the city located near the Roman baths.

During the early Middle Ages, Charlemagne united the majority of western and central Europe and was called the “Father of Europe” for this unification.

Charlemagne also had St Mary’s Church constructed in Aachen, between 793 and 813, which later became Aachen Cathedral. Charlemagne died in 814 and is buried in a golden shrine in the octagonal chapel.

The altar in Aachen's Dom. Here you get a great view of the detail in the Cathedral and the light brought in by its vast stained glass windows.
Inside Aachen cathedral

When we visited Münster in 2019, we were given the opportunity to climb the 75-metre tower of St Lamberti Church and visit the Tower Keeper. The tradition of Münster’s Tower Keeper has been upheld for over 630 years. The sought-after post is now in the safe hands of Martje Saljé, the first lady to hold the position since 1383.

Each evening (except Tuesday), Martje sounds the “tower horn” every half an hour between 21:00 and midnight. This is to reassure the Münster residents that all is well and that no enemies are approaching or imminent fire.

I’m looking forward to hearing the horn blast out over the rooftops of the Christmas cabins while we’re sipping a steaming hot mug of glühwein.

A little bit of gruesome history relating to St. Lamberti Church are the three hanging cages on the outside of the steeple.

In the mid-16th-century, Anabaptists tried unsuccessfully to convert Münster from Catholicism to Protestantism. Their bodies were then hung on display as an act of warning to the town.

The St. Lamberti Church at dusk. Close inspection shows the 3 lights installed in the Anabaptists cages attached to the spire, above the clock.
St. Lamberti Church, Münster at night
Inside the bell tower of St. Lamberti Church at night looking out at the 3 Anabaptist cages, illuminated with a single light bulb.
The three iron Anabaptist cages

Oh yes, Cologne, it must be the spiritual home of Eau de Cologne. The original fragrance was created by the Italian perfumer Johann Maria Farina in 1709; the history of Farina can be found at the Fragrance Museum.

The Eau de Cologne that you’ll see dotted around the city of Cologne is 4711, with its distinct bottle and label colouring. It was also developed in the 18th century and is still being produced today; and is one of the oldest fragrances in the world.

A nostalgic bottle of 4711 makes a fantastic Christmas gift.

Have a peek at the latest offers from, our preferred hotel booking website.
The number 4711 logo in the archway to the 4711 fragrance museum. Another must see, and smell, whilst in Cologne for Christmas
4711 -The smell of Cologne, Germany

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German Architecture to treasure

Explore Germany’s UNESCO sites

We can’t wait to see how Aachen Cathedral is going to embrace the Christmas festivities; it is going to create a magnificent backdrop.

Aachen Cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was the first monument in Germany to be honoured with this status in 1978.

As mentioned, the bones of Charles the Great are encased in the Karlsschrein within the original chapel. However, Aachen Cathedral was later extended in 1414 with the Gothic chancel for the 600th anniversary of Charlemagne’s death.

The Cathedral is glorious inside and out.

The view of the Dom at dusk from the rear steps of the Rathaus. The square between the two building is home of the cities main Christmas market.
Aachen Cathedral

Opposite Aachen Cathedral is Aachen Rathaus; within this market square of ‘Katschhof’, a magical part of Aachen’s Christmas Village resides.

The imposing Gothic style Rathaus (Town Hall) dates from 1330 and is the seat of Aachen’s Lord Mayor. We only had a short amount of time to discover the Rathaus in 2019, so hopefully, we’ll explore a little more and this time.

The back of the Rathaus on a bright day, with blue skies. The gothic building is another place that should be on your to-do list when visiting.
Aachen Rathaus

All around Münster’s town hall are beautiful examples of stunning architecture. The gothic Rathaus was lovingly restored during the 1950s back to its original mid-14th-century character.

I can just imagine how spectacular these crow-stepped gabled rooftops are going to look at Christmas time. When the sun begins to set, the lights start to twinkle, and the festive tunes are being played; it’s going to be enchanting.

It’s within Münster’s “Hall of Peace” in 1648 that the Spanish-Dutch Peace Treaty was ratified. The same year the Thirty Years’ War ended with the signing of the Peace of Westphalia.

Münster's historic Rathaus has been lovingly restored following it's near destruction during World War Two. The ornate gothic gable end stood as a symbol to the towns Prince Bishop whose own home is a mere 250 meters away.
The Münster Rathaus at dusk

Kölner Dom is a magnificent sight to see and sits so proud, dominating Cologne’s skyline. The grand gothic spires pierce the air and stretch 515 ft (157 m) aloft.

To obtain the perfect view of the Cathedral and Hohenzollernbrücke, stroll across The Rhine and glance back; it looks incredibly wonderful of an evening.

Cologne Cathedral is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is free to visit. During the build-up to Christmas with all the Weinachtsmarkt red cabins at its feet, it looks captivating.

Looking up at the lit Dom Cathedral at night with the Christmas tree and its blanket of lights meeting the red-topped market huts.
The Dom towers over the Christmas Market

COVID safe access to the German Christmas markets

You need to be 2G compliant, which means vaccinated or recovered. You will need to provide your valid vaccine passport QR code and potentially your international photo ID.

In Aachen, a wrist band is issued when you prove your 2G status and this will be valid for each day you are in Aachen's Christmas markets. There are also police spot checks as you stroll around the markets.

In Münster, you are required to provide your COVID vaccine passport and you may also be asked for a photo ID at each food and drinks stall. Security spot checks also occur.

In Cologne, your hand is stamped once you have provided 2G validation and this is valid throughout Cologne's Christmas markets. Spot checks also regularly take place. Bars and restaurants may not accept the 2G hand stamp, so you will be requested to provide your valid vaccine passport and photo ID.

Tourist Information

If you’re tempted to visit Aachen, Münster or Cologne, the local tourist offices provide some extremely useful information and handy pointers for around each city.

Strolling the ancient lanes of Germany

Quirky charm to be found

What I especially found charming in Aachen was its delightful bronze fountains and statues. They bring a quirky and charismatic feel to the city and have their own individual tale to tell.

Strolling amongst the cobbled streets always brought a smile to my face as you never knew what was going to greet you around the next corner.

3 brass statues that make up part of the ‘Circle of Money fountain in Aachen , Germany. The first figure is the banker taking money with one hand and transferring it out round his back with another, the second figure is taking that money in one hand and passing on to his wife with his other hand.
The Circle of Money Fountain in Aachen
The picturesque street I loved strolling along in Münster was Prinzipalmarkt. All the gabled fronted buildings had character, and the arched colonnade truly gave a sense of tradition and elegance. The Christmas season decorations and sparkling lights are going to look fantastic.
The Prinzipalmarkt at night where the footpath leads along the brightly lit colonnade. The striking edge of the gable ends of each building is silhouetted against the blue sky of dusk.
Prinzipalmarkt, Münster at night
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Two traditional bicycles decorated with baubles, tinsel and other ornaments parked up on their stands on the street side. Münster has German's capital of bicycles with more bikes than people.
Bicycles getting festive

When visiting Cologne at Christmas, it can sometimes get very busy. Just wander a few lanes back from the markets, and you’ll experience the city at a more relaxed pace.

It’s so pleasant ambling along the shores of The Rhine; it gives a lovely, peaceful perspective on the bustling city.

The pretty pastel coloured town houses, now home to Herings im Martinswinkel, in front of the tower of St Martin's church.
Herings im Martinswinkel

I love nothing more than planning a trip and so often I use the DK Eyewitness books.  I find them extremely informative, easy to follow and the pictures and maps tempt you into discovering more.

We used a previous version of this book to plan our Germany road trips, now you can grab the revised copy.

Tempting German specialities

From the gingerbread to the Brauhaus

Well, we already know what delicacy we’ll be loading up our luggage with from Aachen, and that’s Aachener Printen, particularly from Klein. We first sampled this delicious gingerbread from one of the Christmas stalls in Cologne.

Their gingerbread is so moreish and comes in many varieties, soft, hard, plain, iced, covered in chocolate and with a spattering of nuts, too, if that’s your go-to topping.

Additionally, with Aachen’s unique location in Europe at the border triangle in Dreiländereck, you can hop, skip and jump between Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, all in a matter of seconds.

So, with this in mind, I’m curious to see if any culinary influences from Belgium and the Netherlands creep into the Christmas Markets. There’s always time to enjoy a freshly baked crisp waffle or two.

I think we may have to sneak into Aachen’s oldest inn, ”Am Knipp”, which dates from 1698; it would be rude not to.

The Klein Aachener Printen gingerbread shop. There are many gingerbread shops in town, each selling there own Aachener Printen but Klein is the one we've always brought back from Cologne
Klein Aachener Printen

There’s something really comforting about discovering a local brauhaus that is welcoming and warm when you enter. The smiling faces on the staff and the hearty German meals they offer will always win me over.

My favourite inn that we found in Münster was Altes Gasthaus Leve, Münster´s oldest inn. It has been serving its patrons since 1607, and the food was delicious; they do very traditional meals, but that’s what I loved.

Keep an eye out for the ales from the local brewer Brauerei Pinkus Müller, which dates from 1816.

The wrought iron sign of Altes Gasthaus Leve. The restaurant sign depicts a chef with a wooden sport.
Altes Gasthaus Leve, Münster´s oldest inn
It’s the regional differences that we adore discovering when we visit Germany, and Gary is never one to shy away from trying something new. Whether it’s the wide array of bratwurst, flame cooked salmon, pork knuckle or weird and wonderful skewers, between us, we’ll give most things a try.
Salmon grilling next to a flaming wood fire for sale on the Cologne Christmas Markets
Salmon the traditional way in Cologne
Two different foot-long meat kebabs from the cologne christmas markets
Meat and Chicken Kebabs from Cologne

Revisiting an old friend ‘Cologne’

The themed markets are the star of the show

As mentioned, Gary and I have been visiting Cologne at Christmas time for many years now, and we have witnessed some stunning changes.

Cologne just takes the themed markets to another level. Whether it’s the captivating, red-roofed cabins encircling the towering Christmas tree in the shadow of Kölner Dom or the elves hopping across the snowy rooftops of Heinzel’s Winter Fairy-tale, you are transported to an enchanting world.

One of the circular ends to the ice rink in Cologne, lit at night, overlooked by a carousel and the two-storey drinks cabin.
The ice rink at Cologne's Christmas Markets

We love watching the ice skaters teetering around the edges or the local youngsters mastering a pirouette; it’s all a joy to watch.

Our advice to you is don’t hesitate to visit any of Germany’s Christmas Markets, they are so welcoming. And what we especially love is that they are aimed at every age; Christmas is not just for the small kids, it’s for the big kids too.

People entering through an advent arch into the Meimat der Heinzel market as snow falls in an already wintery scene.
Entrance to the Home of the Elves in Cologne


This trip has been planned in partnership with Aachen Tourismus and Stadt Muenster in exchange for an honest review and an account of our personal experiences.

* This post may contain links to affiliated sites where we earn a small commission at no additional charge to you.

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